In , he became the youngest man to be elected Congress president. He opposed the partition of Bengal in Azad was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Without any English Education, without speaking or writing English, he was as easily and effortlessly at home in Western Culture as in Eastern or Islamic Culture. Views Read Edit View history.
He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad ; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning ‘Our Master’, and he had adopted Azad Free as his pen name. But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq  and was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism. He was highly respected throughout his life as a man of high moral integrity. Speaking vehemently against Jinnah’s Two-Nation Theory —the notion that Hindus and Muslims were distinct nations—Azad lambasted religious separatism and exhorted all Muslims to preserve a united India, as all Hindus and Muslims were Indians who shared deep bonds of brotherhood and nationhood. Azad led efforts to organise the Flag Satyagraha in Nagpur. Most revolutionaries in Bengal were Hindus, and many were greatly surprised by his willingness to join the freedom struggle alongwith them, while others were skeptical of his intentions. He was put in Meerut jail for a year and a half.
It is because, Maulana was born in a family where Asad and Persian were used more frequently than Urdu. Most revolutionaries of the day were anti-Muslim, because they felt that the British Government was using the Muslim community against India’s freedom struggle.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Short Biography Essay On Short Words Of Life
Retrieved 1 April Despite his affinity for Gandhi, Azad also drew close to the young radical leaders Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Bose, who had criticised the delay in demanding full independence. Elected to the lower house of the Indian Parliamentthe Lok Sabha in and again inAzad supported Nehru’s socialist economic and industrial policies, as well as the advancing social rights and economic opportunities for women and underprivileged Indians. But he was more than a mere summation of the best in the past—its courtesy, its tolerance, its mellowness, its feel for spiritual values, its sensitiveness to humanism.
Keep Exploring Britannica Mahatma Gandhi. Sensing that English was fast becoming the international language, Abul Kalam esswy himself to read, write and speak the language.
Reflections on India in the Twenty-first Century. Abul Kalam Azad began the publication of a journal called Al Hilal The Crescentin Juneto increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims. Azad gave speeches to large crowds encouraging peace and calm in the border areas and encouraging Muslims across the country to remain in India and not fear for their safety and security. Inhis father moved to Kolkata formarly known as Calcutta. Azad, Nehru and Patel would briefly speak about the nation and the future.
He assisted in shifting the campus of the university from Aligarh to New Delhi in In the end, Azad became convinced that decisive action in one form or another had to be taken, as the Congress had to provide leadership to India’s people and would lose its standing if it did not. The movement had a sudden decline with rising incidences of violence; a nationalist mob killed 22 policemen in Chauri Chaura in Kamaraj Mother Teresa He later blamed both Congress Party leaders and Mohammed Ali Jinnahthe founder of Pakistan, for the ultimate division of the subcontinent.
Azad’s education had been shaped for him to become a cleric, but his rebellious nature and affinity for politics turned him towards journalism.
In response, the Congress and other political parties appointed a commission under Motilal Nehru to propose constitutional reforms from Indian opinions. He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times. It is the holiest of Muslim cities.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad : Biography, History, Facts and Achievements
Newer Post Older Post Home. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes of Indian nationalism. This period marked a transformation in Azad’s own life. With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad’s second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him.
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Maulana Azad: Essay on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Azad became an important national leader, and served on the Congress Working Committee and in the offices of general secretary and president many times. Amidst more incidences of violence in earlythe Congress-League coalition struggled to function.
The energy of his efforts paid off, and Al Hilal’s circulation passed 25, within two years, before the heavy hand of the British Government used the Press Act and then the Defence of India Regulations Act into shut the journal down. He was arrested infor violation klam the salt laws as part of Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Concise Encyclopaedia of India. The freedom of his mind turned him naturally towards the great enterprise of the day, the struggle for independence.
He was the embodiment of the spirit of freedom and unity beyond distinctions of caste, creed and communalism.