Identify the elements of the problem, issue, or question. Which views seem best supported by evidence? Can alternative inferences be drawn from the same facts or observations? Would a more reasonable assumption be that fairness should be based on how many scarce resources like fossil fuels each occupant is consuming? How likely are those benefits? Making Critical Thinking Visible. By questioning your assumptions about fairness in this context, you open new learning possibilities for yourself and practice critical thinking.

Thinking is foundational to learning. Can alternative inferences be drawn from the same facts or observations? Here are some questions to ask yourself: Identify your point of view. How does my culture or my world view shape my approach to this problem? Key points In the American Philosophical Association funded a two year research project on determining core critical thinking skills. How reliable is the evidence?

What is Critical Thinking?

How do the results shed light on the existing body of evidence? What are the costs of this solution? Science Logic and Mathematics. Example of practice in one’s discipline. Questions you may ask in this step: Theory, Practice, and Assessment.

facione 1990 critical thinking a statement of expert

Sometimes transformation is energizing and invigorating, sometimes it is uncomfortable, and sometimes it is both uncomfortable and energizing. It combines developing CT skills with nurturing those dispositions which consistently yield useful insights and which are the basis of a rational and democratic society.


As such, CT is a liberating force in education and a powerful resource in one’s personal and civic life. Just as thinking is the foundation of learning, reflection enables you to build a strong structure of knowledge and understanding 19990 that foundation.

By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 21 1: Each of these possible new ways of thinking or behaving might be blocked by assumptions that could keep you from pursuing that possibility, until you question those assumptions.

facione 1990 critical thinking a statement of expert

Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 28 1: PDF Choosing Critical Reflection Just like any other ability you wish to develop, thikning thinking entails training and practice. Consider solutions, responses, or answers. The effectiveness of an immersion approach Sophie Kennedy Consider the evidence for and against your theory or viewpoint.

facione 1990 critical thinking a statement of expert

Request removal from index. How reliable is the evidence? Sign in Create an account.

Delphi Consensus Report Executive Summary (PDF)

Can I take responsibility for forming my own conclusions, based on the evidence? Is the information or evidence presented relevant to the problem?

Circle of Viewpoints COV. Exeprt I make progress toward solving the problem? Look for missing information or gaps in what you know. Electronic version retrieved May 1, from http: Does fairness in this context mean that all vehicles should be subject to the same rules? How does it support or match my experiences? Separate symptoms from underlying causes. What is Critical Thinking? Critical reflection focuses specifically on our premises or assumptionsthe ways of thinking and viewing ourselves and the world that we have established through early learning and a lifetime of interactions with family, society, and culture.


Building Skills for Critical Thinking Just like any other ability or competence that you wish to develop, critical thinking entails specific skills that require training and practice.

You may also use the questions or tactics in the table to spark new insights when responding to issues or concerns put forth by your peers or managers or for everyday interactions with people where thinking critically is important.

Growth and change can be exciting outcomes of learning new information, but they are also strenuous experiences that often move us into new and unfamiliar territory. The six core critical thinking skills according to the experts are:.