The power appears to be decentralized between the ruler and the subordinates who owed allegiance to the ruler. Ganapatideva in his attempt to safeguard Manumasiddhi against the attack of Jatavarma Sundara Pandya was unsuccessful and Jatavarma Sundarapandya, after defeating Manumasiddhi and Ganapathideva, performed Virabhishekha at Nellore and Kanchi. Since it was the earliest of Rudradeva’s inscriptions to omit any mention of the Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani, we can assume that the construction of the temple was meant to mark Rudradeva’s new status as an overlord in his own right. As Rudradeva had no children, he was succeeded to the throne by his brother Mahadeva, who ruled from AD to AD Andhra under the Kakatiyas witnessed considerable literary activity.

The population became more settled in geographic terms. After the decline of the Rashtrakuta power, the Kakatiyas served as vassals of the Kalyani Chalukyas. Ganapatideva successfully united the entire Telugu-speaking people under his sway and shifted his capital from Hanumankonda to Warangal. The unprepared and battle-weary army of Orugallu was finally defeated, and Orugallu was renamed as Sultanpur. Gunda IV was succeeded by Beta I c.

Thus, the founder of the family fortunes in Bastar may very well have been a Telugu warrior from Ka,atiya who was familiar with the prevalent legends about the Kakatiyas.

The city fort had four gates. The literary text Prataparudrayasobhushana of Vidyanatha records that this family of rulers was called Kakatiyas as they were known to have worshipped the goddess Kakati. From there they expanded their influence into Coastal Andhrathe delta between the Godavari and Krishna rivers that feed into the Bay of Bengal. Even today the memory of the Kakatiya rule is green in the minds and hearts of the Andhrajati as the Kakatiyas shaped and moulded the identity of the Andhras by establishing a unified political and cultural hegemony over the entire Telugu-speaking region.

The Kannada text Kumara-Ramana-charita also provides information about Prataparudra’s relations with the Kampili kingdom. The family name was often prefixed to the name of the monarch, giving constructs such as Kakatiya-Prataparudra. This made some scholars characterize Kakatiya polity as a feudal polity of personalized rule by a warrior elite and a socio-economic formation marked by oppression of the peasantry, economic stagnation and de-urbanization.


Besides, Motupalli, Krishnapattanam, Chinaganajam, Nellore, and Divi also played a very crucial role in fostering sea-borne trade. Dyasty how your comment data is processed.

Relying on the evidence furnished by the Dharmasastric literature, traditional historians perceive the society as based on the Varnasramadharma model and divided into fourfold Varnas; Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra.

The evil Adharmawhich he had up to that time kept kkakatiya check, flourished under them, as the conditions were very favorable for its growth. Gopal Reddy and P.

Age of the Kakatiyas: Society, Economy, Polity and Culture

This theory is based on the fact that the phrase Rashtrakuta-kutumbinah appears in several Rashtrakuta-era copper-plate inscriptions and refers to the officers and subjects of the Rashtrakuta kingdom. Rudramadevi proved to be a woman of substance and rose to the occasion and put the state in order, subduing all those who opposed her internally. Eriya’s grandson Kakartya Gundyana rendered help on behalf of his master Krishna III to Danarnava in setting aside his brother Amma II and occupying the throne of Vengi, as a result of which he got Natavadi as a token of gratitude.

Retrieved from ” https: The Kakatiyas levied different taxes like tax on grazing, property tax, income tax, profession tax, marriage tax, tax on herds of sheep and tax on salt. They are more concentrated in the districts of Khammam and Warangal. Just as the Seuna and Hoysala dynasties took control of linguistically related areas during the 13th century, so too did the Kakatiyas under the rule of Ganapati.

A Political and Military History Reprinted ed.

essay on kakatiya dynasty

Kakatiya Dynasty, a famous Telugu dynasties. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The probability is that many inscriptions have been lost due to buildings falling into disuse and also the ravages of subsequent rulers, most notably the Muslim Mughal Empire in the Telangana region.


Talbot views the Kakatiya polity as a regional variant of a pan-Indian complex, a dynamic and an expansionist world.

essay on kakatiya dynasty

Rulership was not the monopoly of the Kshatriyas alone and the prominence of the Kshatriya community as rulers appears to have diminished esay a large extent. Of all the tanks, the Ramappa and the Pakala lakes are of large size and require special mention. At that juncture, Recharla Rudra, the loyal commander-in-chief of the Kakatiyas saved the kingdom.

In the centre, there was a temple of Svayambhu Shiva and the temple had four gates in the four directions.

A Complete list of Kakatiya Rulers and their contribution

Charlu theorized that the Kakatiyas xynasty a branch of the Telugu Cholas. The first known historical personage among the Kakatiyas was Gundaya Rashtrakuta. The Hanumakonda epigraph dated AD gives graphic details of his conquests over his neighbours and how he extended his sway over coastal Andhra by subduing the Velanaticholas.

Ganapati Deva also built temple at Motupalli because by that time this area had become a secondary core area of the Kakatiyas.

Social relationships appear to be based on common interest and occupations rather than Vama and Jati as social identities were not expressed in terms of Varna or Jati. Studies of the inscriptions and coinage by the historian Dineshchandra Sircar reveal that there was no contemporary standard spelling of the family name.

The demise of Kakatiya dynasty resulted in confusion and anarchy under alien rulers for sometime, before the Musunuri Nayaks kakatiay stability to the region. According to Talbot and Eaton, a revisionist interpretation of Esay II himself appeared much sooner, within a few years of his death, and for broadly similar reasons.